A preliminary fertilization test on sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) with three organic amendments of humus and domestic wastes

Luis Guerrero-Cabrera, Miguel Angel Sánchez-Hernández


Organic amendments like compost are used as an alternative to diminish soil damages caused by chemical fertilization. Compost contains nutrients and microbial communities with some beneficial bacteria and fungi for the plant. A study was carried out in order to assess the effectiveness of compost on sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Compost and fermented organic amendments were produced for 60 days with domestic wastes and humus of plant debris from agriculture and gardening in polyethylene bioreactors of 200 L. A fertilization test was applied under randomized block design with one factor (fertilization treatment) to one-month-age sorghum plants in a land plot. Plant height and fresh weight variables were recorded and analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test (p ≤ 0.05) at the end of three-months period. Results showed that plant height and fresh weight were higher in plants fertilized with compost than those fertilized with control (chemical fertilizer) and fermented organic amendments (p £ 0.05). Vegetable domestic wastes and humus are a good option as substrate to produce compost due to their high availability and low cost.

Palabras clave

Sorghum bicolor L. Moench; organic amendments; compost; humus; vegetable domestic wastes.


Abbott, L. K., L. M. Macdonald, M. T. F. Wong, M. J. Webb, S. N. Jenkins, and M. Farrell. 2018. “Potential roles of biological amendments for profitable grain production – A review”. Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 256: 34–50

Agrawal, P. K. 2014. “Microbial ecology of compost ecosystem: with special reference to mushroom compost”. J. Biol. Sci. Opin. 2: 45-50

Altuhaish, A. H., and A. Tjahjoleksono. 2014. “Biofertilizer effects in combination with different drying system and storage period on growth and production of tomato plant under field conditions”. Emir. J. Food Agric. 26: 716-722

Anastasi, A., G. C. Varese, S. Voyron, S. Scannerini, and V. F. Marchisio. 2004. “Characterization of fungal biodiversity in compost and vermicompost”. Compost Sci. Utiliz. 12: 185-191

Carvalhais, L. C., P. G. Dennis, G. W. Tyson, and P. M. Schenk. 2012. “Application of metatranscriptomics to soil environments”. J. Microbiol. Methods. 91: 246–251

García-Olivares, J. G., V. R. Moreno-Medina, I. C. Rodríguez-Luna, A. Mendoza-Herrera, y N. Mayek-Pérez. 2006. “Biofertilización con Azospirillum brasilense en sorgo, en el norte de México”. Agric. Téc. Méx. 32: 135-141

García-Olivares, J. G., A. Mendoza-Herrera, y N. Mayek-Pérez. 2012. “Efecto de Azospirillum brasilense en el rendimiento del maíz en el norte de México”. Universidad y Ciencia. 28: 79-84

Hipólito-Romero E., M. G. Carcaño-Montiel, J. M. Ramos-Pradoa, E. A. Vázquez-Cabañas, L. López-Reyes, y J. Ricaño-Rodrigueza, 2017. “Efecto de inoculantes bacterianos edáficos mixtos en el desarrollo temprano de cultivares mejorados de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) en un sistema agroforestal tradicional del norte de Oaxaca, México”. Rev. Argent. Microbiol. 49: 356-365

Igiehon, N. O., and O. O. Babalola. 2017. “Biofertilizers and sustainable agriculture: exploring arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi”. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 101: 4871-4881

Radha, T. K., and D. L. N. Rao. 2014. “Plant growth promoting bacteria from cow dung based biodynamic preparations”. Indian J. Microbiol. 54: 413-418

Romero-Yam L. A., J. J. Almaraz-Suarez, J. Velasco-Velasco, A. Galvis-Spinola, and F. Gavi-Reyes. 2015. “Microbial dynamics during composting of filter cake reactivated with chicken manure”. Rev. Chapingo Serie Hortic. 21: 21-31.

Singh, A., and S. Sharma. 2003. “Effect of Microbial Inocula on Mixed Solid Waste Composting, Vermicomposting and Plant Response”. Compost Sci. Utiliz. 11: 190-199

Smith, J. L., and H. P. Collins. 2007. “Management of organisms and their processes in soils”. In: Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry. Eldor, A. P. (ed). Oxford (UK): Academic Press.

Van den Berghe, C. H., and N. V. Hue. 1999. “Liming potential of composts applied to an acid oxisol in Burundi”. Compost Sci. Utiliz. 7: 40-46

Vessey, J. K. 2003. “Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers”. Plant and Soil. 255: 571-586

Viti, C., E. Tatti, F. Decorosi, E. Lista, E. Rea, M. Tullio, E. Sparvoli, and L. Giovannetti. 2010. “Compost effect on plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and mycorrhizal fungi population in maize cultivations”. Compost Sci. Utiliz. 18: 273-281

Wright, C., A. P. Gryganskyi, and G. Bonito. 2016. “Fungi in composting”. In: Fungal Applications in Sustainable Environmental Biotechnology. Fungal Biology Series. Purchase, D. (ed). Cham (Switzerland): Springer International Publishing.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25127/aps.20192.438

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.



    Crossref logo  Logo Google Scholar  Logo Alicia Logo LATINDEX     Logo DOAJ Logo REBID Logo IIAP Logo CABI Logo MIAR








Licencia Creative Commons

Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.